What is Antisocial Personality Disorder
The antisocial personality disorder is a personality disorder . Personality disorders show persistent and largely consistent patterns of behavior that are characterized by rigid, inappropriate responses in different personal and social life situations. In most cases, persons suffering from a personality disorder experience considerable personal suffering, especially as the social relationships of the person concerned are often so severely impaired that their professional and personal performance is significantly reduced.
Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a pattern of disrespect and violation of the rights of others. The diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder is not given to patients under the age of 18 years, and if it is, only if some symptoms of behavioral problems were detected before the age of 15 years.
The severity of the symptoms of antisocial personality disorder may vary. When the symptoms are particularly monstrous, harmful, or dangerous, they are often referred to as sociopaths or as psychopathic patients. Even today there are different descriptions for antisocial personality disorder, especially through the media. Sociopathy is characterized mainly by a false consciousness; Psychopathy, on the other hand, is characterized by complete lack of conscience towards other people. Some experts describe people with this constellation of symptoms as “freezing cold” and emotionless. The antisocial personality disorder often causes other social and psychological problems such as imprisonment, drug abuse and alcoholism.
People with this disease can be very charming and funny and you can have fun with many as well. But they are generally more irritable, aggressive, and often irresponsible, especially in the actions of other people. Acts are often done impulsively and without thinking about the consequences. If these are considered, then even without consideration of other people’s harm. Although those affected often act prematurely, destructively, and without a guilty conscience, they not only harm others, but also themselves. Often sufferers suffer from psychosomatic disorders, and in many cases they consider suicide.
Antisocial Personality Disorder Symptoms
• Disregard of laws and social norms
• Violation of the physical or emotional rights of others
• Lack of stability in work and private life
• Lack of remorse
• Superficial humor and charm
• Recklessness, impulsiveness
• A diagnosis (or symptoms) of childhood behavioral disorder
The diagnosis is only given to patients over the age of 18 years. Antisocial personality disorder is confirmed by a psychological examination. Other disorders should be ruled out first, as each a serious and persistent diagnosis.
People with antisocial personality disorder often use alcohol and other drugs, which can aggravate the symptoms of the condition. Furthermore, the double burden of drug and alcohol abuse and antisocial personality disorder complicates the treatment for those affected and the professionals.
People with antisocial personality disorder can often act as follows:
• Lie, cheat or exploit other people
• Act hastily
• Angry, vain or aggressive
• Start fighting or arguing with other people
• Break the law
• Do not worry about the safety of others and yourself
• Do not show signs of repentance after hurting others physically or emotionally
• Missing tasks related to work, money and social or social duties
• Abuse of drugs or alcohol
If the symptoms persist since childhood, they will most likely peak in the teen years and early 20’s, then fade over time.
Antisocial Personality Disorder Root Cause
Although the exact causes of this disease are unknown, genetic factors and the environment have been linked to the development of antisocial personality disorder. Genetic factors are believed to play a role, as this disorder occurs in people with biological parents who also have the same . The environmental influences probably also play a major role in the development of antisocial personality disorder, especially if the person concerned had a role model or several role models in his environment, with antisocial tendencies. Childhood abuse and neglect in childhood mean a high risk of triggering an antisocial personality disorder. Furthermore, it has been shown that injuries and permanent damage in the brain are networked with antisocial personality disorder.
Antisocial personality disorder affects more men than women. Men are 3 times more prone to antisocial personality disorder than women. In prisons, the percentage rate of people with much higher than in the general population. For example, a US study found that 47% of male inmates and 21% of female inmates suffered from this personality disorder.
Antisocial Personality Disorder Treatment
Antisocial personality disorder is one of the most difficult to treat . It is extremely rare for an individual to seek treatment on their own initiative. In most cases, therapy is initiated through the court.
The disease is very difficult to treat and there is no specific form of therapy that effectively addresses this condition.
When a treatment is requested, behavioral therapy or psychotherapy can help in individuals or groups. Doctors sometimes use certain psychiatric medications, such as mood stabilizers, to minimize symptoms such as aggression. However, there are no drugs that are specifically used for antisocial personality disorder.
Relatives of sufferers are most severely affected by the burden of the disease. Therefore, it is often advisable to either participate in a support group or even get support from a psychotherapist. Social workers in certain organizations can also provide help. It is important that relatives understand that they themselves are not responsible for the behavior of the person concerned and can not influence or change it. What is important is that they protect themselves from harm by adhering to clear boundaries and encouraging and supporting their fellow human beings for treatment.
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th Ed.)
National Institutes of Health,
US Department of Health and Human Services,
International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders (2015). Journal of Personality Disorder. New York, NY / USA: The Guilford Press
Stout, M. (2005). The Sociopath Next Door
Westermeyer, J. and Thuras, P. (2005). Association of antisocial personality disorder and substance disorder morbidity in a clinical sample. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse